18 years of Academic Excellence

BDevS Course Summary

First Year, First Semester Courses: Briefs


ECON101 Introductory Economics


The course covers the basic economic principles and phenomena as well as theories of demand & supply and factor pricing. It also covers the concepts of national income accounting, Gross National Product, and macro economics such as consumption, saving & investment functions, trade balance, exchange rate etc. Field studies cover interpretation of theories and calculations of pertinent indices.

ENGL105 English –I

Emphasizing on interactive study of texts development activities and Nepalese society, the course seeks to develop creative and pragmatic ability through intensive reading of interdisciplinary texts, reading portfolio, writing and reporting assignment such as oral & written presentations and group discussions, debate, drama on contemporary topics.

ENVT101 Introduction to Ecology and Environment

This course focuses on the concepts of ecology and environment, community ecology and environmental issues with emphasis on major ecosystem of Nepal and the world. The topics include ecosystems, biosphere, Carrying Capacity, Diversity Vs Simplicity, Succession, Ecological Balances. It also deals with environmental problems, causes and mitigation measures along with policies. The field works cover ecological studies from the perspective of mountain development.

MATH115 Mathematics – I

With the objective of equipping the students with basic mathematical tools and skills applicable in the field of development studies including economics, social & environmental studies, the course will cover Sets, Relations & Functions, Differentiation, Integration and Linear Algebra. It also covers application of Derivatives. It links with the numerical and statistical techniques in business or research.


NEPL101 Nepali – I

For the foreign students, Alternative Nepali is available.

SOCL105 Introduction to Sociology and Anthropology

The course covers the fundamental concept and evolution of Sociology and Anthropology from the research perspectives in relation to development studies. The major topics include social structure, community, society, group, culture, status-role, institution, norm, value, conformity. It deals with inter-relation with Economics, History, Political Science, Psychology and Archaeology. It covers research components such as socio-economic variables and field techniques.

First Year Second Semester Courses: Briefs

COMP101 Computer and Its Application in Development Studies

Focusing on the computer application of computer in development studies, the course covers concepts and applications of database systems including data communication, data management, and network systems. It deals with an application of information technology in research, as well as concepts of e-commerce and geographical information system. It includes skill enhancement in statistical package social science (SPSS).

ECON102 ECONOMICS II (Microeconomics)

The course contains introduction to micro economics and its scope and uses. It deals with theories of consumer's behaviors (cardinal approach, Ordinal approach, price effect, and income effect), theory of firm (Iso-quants, least cost combination of factors, Cobb Douglas production function, linear programming, short run and long run costs), theory of product pricing (Perfect competition, and Oligopoly). It also deals with employment and pricing of inputs including modern theory of wages.

ENGL106 English II

In continuation with ENGL 101, it enhances study skills through activity based exercises on general and professional communication. It includes interdisciplinary texts selected for developing interactive, creative and critical abilities through oral presentation, group discussion and seminars. Reading materials include general and technical articles from various magazines.

STAT205 Statistics

This course is mainly on general principles and elementary concepts of statistics, data collection techniques, measures of central tendency & dispersion, skewness, and versions statistics tests. It covers descriptive and inferential statistics, Correlation & regression analysis, elementary probability theory, and time series analysis, index numbers, concepts of hypothesis tests. It also covers handling of satisfied data in a pragmatic manner.


DEVS101 Concepts and Theories in Development

It includes fundamental concepts of development covering definitions, Human Development Index, approaches and measuring poverty & deprivation, along with various schools of thoughts on economic growth. It covers selected themes on contemporary development and major development partners (inter-governmental, non-governmental, bilateral and national). Covering on global history of human development such as ancient civilizations, industrial revolutions, and post World War II international development, it analyzes Nepal’s development process as a case study.

Second Year, First Semester Courses: Brief

DEVS204 Political and Constitutional Development in Nepal

Focusing on the political development in Nepal through the history, and constitutional development after 2007 Bikram Sambat, the course covers the topics like unification of Nepal, Rara regime including the Kot Parva and relations with the East India Company, revolution of 2007, and constitutions since 2007. It also covers constitutional governance and the features of good governance.

DEVS205 Community Development

The course contains basic concepts, philosophies, Problems and Prospects of community development by including practices and models of community development along with social planning and actions with experiences in Nepal such as Integrated Rural Development. It covers community mobilization approaches such as community participation, Group Dynamics, User Group, Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA), and Rapid Rural Appraisal (RRA). It covers urban community development highlighting on experiences from Nepal, India, south & south East Asia and third world, and focusing on the Kathmandu Valley.

ECON205 Economics III (Macroeconomic)

This course on intermediate macroeconomic theory and policy analysis deals the measurement and structure of national economy; labor market issues (productivity, output and employment); consumption, savings & investment, market equilibrium; Long run economic growth (Harrod-Domar, Slow growth, Endogenous growth); Money market (Money, Money Supply & Demand, Equilibrium); Deriving the IS, LM and As-AD curves; Neo-Keynesian Synthesis; Business cycle analysis; Keynesian Macroeconomics; Unemployment and Inflation; and Macroeconomic issues relevant in contemporary Nepal.

ENVT203 Community Based Natural Resource Management

The course covers the fundamental concepts of natural resources (land, air, water, forests, rangeland, wildlife, minerals, and energy) including definitions, classifications, conservation and management. It also deals on biodiversity, alternative energy, ethno-botany and bio-resources. Covering on Nepal’s flora and fauna, it includes policies and practices of community based natural resources management.

PSYC205 Human Behavior and Development

The course covers the fundamentals of human behavior (growth of human behavior in and out of organization, social system, learning and cognition), behavioral science (Research methods, Theory X and Theory Y, Behavioral techniques such as Stimulus response and Stimulus-organism-response), Motivation (psychological process, Maslow's, Herzberg's and Alderfer's models), Micro Approach (social process, and group dynamics), and Communication (concepts, types, problems, barriers and implications in development). It also covers the topics of conflicts and leadership in development process.

SOCL204 Nepalese Society and Culture

The course is on the history, culture and society of Nepal with focus on social structure, traditions, family system, ethnic diversity, caste systems, racial divisions, ecology, population, unification. It deals with the fundamentals of Nepalese culture and heritage including religion, language, syncretism, blends and accommodation. Along with the position of women, it covers emerging patterns of socio-cultural change in Nepalese society, and issues and problems of national integration. It also highlights on tourism, depletion of natural resources and the protection of cultural heritage.

Second Year Second Semester Courses: Briefs

DEVS204 Introduction to Development Communication

Primarily based on the roles of communication in development, the course gives introduction to Development Communication and Understanding Communication (definition, components, and functions). It includes communication models and theoretical perspectives, along with Communication Planning Framework, Participatory communication. It covers mass communication, development journalism, community radio, media and contemporary issues, street theater, audio-visual, communication technology, advertisement and commercials. It also includes political, economics, and sociological aspects of Nepali media, and critical reflections on development communication.

DEVS206 Development Management - I

The course contains introduction to development management covering the topics like meanings, importance, basic elements and principles. It also covers the units on national development planning in Nepal along with topics on planning institutions and monitoring & evaluation. The other topics are Organizing management development, Coordination, delivery system, Public relations, Financial management (including accounting and auditing), and conflict management.

ENVT202 Education For Sustainable Development

The course contains education and human development in Nepal with highlights on state, policy and challenges pertinent to education. It gives introduction to environmental education (meaning, scope, principles, objectives, challenges, and mitigation measures). Similarly, it covers Education for Sustainable Development: (ESD) and its issues. It includes two main applications of ESD namely sustainable agriculture (practices, irrigation and drainage, organic manure, chemical fertilizers, pest control and crop protection and genetic resources) and pollution control (types, hazards and remedies).

SOCL206 Gender and Social Equity

Focusing on the Nepalese society, the course includes the topics on sex & gender, western and Nepalese traditions and culture. It also includes social status of Nepalese women, socialization in the contemporary societies, gender perspectives in workplace (equality, income, leadership, power etc). It covers the conflict perspectives of sex roles, contemporary status of women, sexual assault, property Inheritance, education, limitations.

SOCL205 Society and Development

The course gives the introduction and fundamental concepts of social system and various models of development including sustainable development and various models of social change, social mobilization, social capital and critical mass. It includes the topics on traditional versus modern societies covering Gemeinschaft & Gesellschaft societies, Ogburn's theory of changes, and theories of development (modernization, dependency, world system), orthodox versus alternate views of development.. It focuses on development strategies and policies in Nepal.

Third Year First Semester Courses: Briefs


DEVS301 Human Resource Management & Development

The course gives an overview of human resources management including personnel management, organization culture and equal employment opportunity. It covers the human resource planning with job analysis, job description, recruitment and selection. It includes compensation planning, as well as communication and training for human resources development, and practices of industrial relations (employment rights, bargaining, performance in work systems etc).

DEVS302 Conflict Management

The course covers various aspects of conflict management including trends (Pre violent phase, Escalation phase, Climax phase, De-escalation phase, and Post conflict stage), causes (Power, Ethnicity, Resources, Economic Aspect, Discrimination, Exclusions, Religion and Culture), types (Ethnic, Religious and Societal), resolution (theories, negotiation and mediation), and transformation (Human right, Social justice, Gendering justice, and Empowering civil societies).

DEVS303 Agriculture and Development

The course mainly deals with the agriculture systems in Nepal focusing on farming system research & development (FSRD), marketing systems, resource management and government policy. It includes the topics like green revolution and food security, policy, the Agricultural Perspective Plan, and sustainability. FSRD includes agro-ecological zones, traditional and scientific farming systems, and institutions involved. The agricultural marketing includes structure & system, production function and relationships, extension and implications, credits, WTO trade policy. The agriculture resource management includes population, natural resources (land, water), forestry, biodiversity, inputs, intellectual property rights, integrated approaches, indigenous knowledge, land use, erosion, and tenancy.

ECON301 Public Finance and Financial System

The course covers the classical and modern concepts of public finance including fiscal policy, development versus regular budgets, macro-economics stability, deficit financing, financial system, and economic development. It covers the concepts of public expenditure, principles of banking system including assets and liabilities, portfolio management and credit creation. The other topics are public revenue, tax and non tax revenue, principle of taxation, direct and indirect taxes, impact incidence and shifting of taxation, public borrowing, internal and external borrowing effects of public burrowing, debt management. It covers the roles of a central bank, development banks, insurance and finance companies.

DEVS304 Good Governance and Participation

The course contains multiple aspects of governance such as meaning & concepts, dimensions & elements (organizations and their roles), responsiveness (political culture and process), accountability, efficiency including performance evaluation, transparency (meaning and dimensions), administrative cleanliness (corruption, methods of control corruption and legal framework), and participation (meaning, typology, elements and importance).

Third Year Second Semester Courses: Briefs


DEVS305 Research Methodology

The course covers various aspects of research methodology including the introduction part and components. The topics on sampling design include census, sample survey, criteria for sample selection, sample size, sampling theory, standard errors, and types of sample designs. The other topics are measurement & scaling techniques (scales, errors, tools etc), data collection (primary & secondary, questionnaire, case study, participatory rural appraisal, interview, focus group discussion etc.), data processing and analysis (operation, elements & types, central tendency and dispersion, regression and correlation), and hypothesis testing (power of tests, z, t and F tests, non-parametric tests etc). It also includes interpretation and report writing, and use of computer in research.

DEVS306 Project Analysis

One of the three major areas of the course is introduction containing project approach & concept, programs & plans, needs assessment, development planning in Nepal, and policies and priorities in planning). The second topics on project preparation and appraisal includes project cycle, project identification & preparation, project appraisal (BCR, NPV, IRR), and sensitivity analysis. The thirds topics covers field exercise on project planning in which students will be exposed to field situations by facilitating field surveys..


ENVT301 Environmental Policy and Law

The course covers introductory parts including concepts & sources of environmental law, and thematic parts including Polluter Pays Principle, Precautionary Principle, Environmental Impact Assessment, Principle of Absolute Liability, Principle of Inter-governmental equity, and Public trust doctrine. The international perspectives cover soft laws pertinent to resolutions & declaration of United Nations system, hard laws pertinent to conventions, and experiences in the South Asian countries. The national perspectives cover historical review, policy, and legislatures on the selected fields, and judicial measures as well as constitutional mechanisms in urban & rural areas.

ECON302 Nepalese Economics

The course contains a wide range of Nepalese economy from the current status with characteristics and constraints to the specific topics of water resource (policies, problems and impacts), tourism (potentials and contributions), agriculture (subsistence farming, food problem, prospects of commercialization, impact), and industry (current status, problems, prospects, and policy). The other topics are foreign trade (problem, policy, money market & capital market, Nepal Rastra Bank), and resource gap in government budget, foreign aid and public debt, economic liberalization, resource mobilization at macro and local level in Nepal.

SOCL301 Tourism and Development

The course focuses on introduction to tourism (definitions, nature & scope, history, typology etc), and sociological & anthropological aspects with its implications in tourism industry and human development. Specifically, it deals with cultural tourism including specific topics like arts & authenticity, change agent, pseudo-events etc. It also covers village tourism, domestic tourism, and pilgrimage tourism, and covers tourism planning and management.

Fourth Year First Semester Courses: Briefs


DEVS401 Urban Planning and Development

The course deals with the concepts of urban planning & development and their implications in the process of development with reference to Nepal. It covers emergence of urban planning (history, practices, and policies), organizations (relevance, arrangements, roles & issues), and financial resource (nature & type, sources, issues, personnel management, financial & human resource management). It also covers urban infrastructure (nature, types and issues), and problems, issues and challenges of urban planning and development.



DEVS402 Project Management

The course contains four major aspects of project management, namely project planning (Project Cycle, Project Appraisal - Financial & Economic Analyses, Project Implementation, and Monitoring & Evaluation), project management (functions, community mobilization, and coordination), project implementation (network analysis such as Project Evaluation & Review Technique, and Critical Path Method, partners & leadership etc. It includes Monitoring & Evaluation (Indicators, Logical Framework Approach, monitoring information, and evaluation techniques). The component of field exercise covers project management and analysis.

DEVS403 Report and Proposal Writing

The course includes introduction to proposal writing (meaning, types, project cycle, format etc), development concept and participatory processes of change (logical framework approach, sustainability issues, identification and selection of problems), and effective proposal writing (vision, mission, goal, objectives and hypothesis, marketing creative ideas, concept paper). It covers logical framework, and report writing skills and practical.

ECON401 Development Economics

This course focuses the concept of economic development and ways to achieve the economic development. It deals with modern and traditional economic measures, social indicators (Physical Quality of Life Index, basic need approach, and Human Development Index), Kuznet's six characteristics of economic growth. It covers on determinants of development (natural and human resources, capital formation, technology, values and institutions), and issues in development (population, poverty, inequality & unemployment, education, agricultural transformation and rural development, gender, privatization, globalization and liberalization, urbanization and rural-urban migration). It also covers development planning (nature, rationale, perspectives, spatial/local, investment, strategies etc).

ENVT401 Environmental Impact Assessments

The course contains concepts and importance of environmental impact assessment, its types and process, contents setting, and prediction preparation methods. It contains basic steps, assessment and predictions on components of environment such as air, water, noise, socio-economics, culture, biological diversity. It also deals with public participation (concepts, need and methods), and impact analysis.  

Fourth Year Second Semester Courses: Brief


DEVS404 Rural Development Policy and Strategy in Nepal

The course deals with the meaning & significance of rural development along with historical perspectives, stages of conceptual framework and modern concepts. It covers review of the past approaches through political, legal and financial perspectives. It covers the rural development approaches in post 2046 Nepal, and decentralization and rural development in Nepal with highlights on Local Self-Governance Act, and Participatory rural development.

DEVS405 Project Work (6 credit hours)

Based on the knowledge and skill developed through the previous seven semesters, students will develop a project proposal for independent research work. Upon finalizing the proposal, students will conduct field works under the supervision of experts, and make presentation in front of an external examiner. Electives

ECON402 Econometrics

The course contains basic theories and concepts on econometrics including multiple regression analysis (Simple Regression Model, Ordinary Least Squares, R2 & adjusted R2, and Partial Correlation Coefficient), nature, detection and remedies of multicollinearity, heteroscedasticity and autocorrelation, and model specification (attributes, types and tests of errors).

ENVT402 Geographic Information System (GIS)

The course includes introduction to geographical information system (definitions, functions, components, applications, data & information, digital & paper maps). It covers spatial data, data modeling, database design. It also covers data development, analysis and visualization, image processing and analysis. Along with global positioning system, it covers remote sensing and its applications. It also covers application of GIS in sociology, anthropology, Natural Resource Management, Ecology and Environment. The course is complemented with laboratory works.

PHLT401 Public Health and Development

This course introduces concepts and practices of public health, with emphasis on the structure and functions of the public health system, as well as the planning, implementation, management, and evaluation of health programs including, practical observation Topics covered include the mission/vision, history, core functions, infrastructure, processes (essential services and programs), and outcomes of the public health system.